Perceived Need for and Perceived Sufficiency of Mental Health Care in the Canadian Armed Forces – Changes in the Past Decade and Comparisons to the General Population


  1. Fikretoglu, D.
  2. Liu, A.
  3. Zamorski, M.
  4. Jetly, R.
Corporate Authors
Defence Research and Development Canada, Toronto Research Centre , Toronto ON (CAN)
Objectives: Failure to perceive need for care (PNC) is the leading barrier to accessing mental health care. After accessing care, many individuals perceive that their needs were unmet or only partially met, an additional problem related to perceived sufficiency of care (PSC). TheCanadian Armed Forces (CAF) invested heavily in workplace mental health in the past decade to improvePNC/ PSC; yet, the impact of these investments remains unknown. To assess the impact of these investments, this study 1) captures changes in PNC/PSC over the past decade in the CAF and 2) compares current PNC/PSC between the CAF and civilians. Methods: Data were drawn from the 2013 and 2002 CAF surveys and the 2012 civilian mental health survey (total N ¼ *40 000), conducted by Statistics Canada using similar methodology. Exclusions were applied to the civilian sample to make them comparable to the military sample. Prevalence rates for No need, Need met, Need partially met, and Need unmet categories across service types (Information, Medication, Counselling and therapy, Any services) were calculated and compared between 1) the 2 CAF surveys and 2) the 2013 CAF and 2012 civilian surveys after sample matching. Results: Reports of Any need and Need met were higher in the CAF in 2013 than in 2002 by approximately 6% to 8% and 2% to 8%, respectively, and higher in the CAF than in civilians by 3% to 10% and 2% to 8%, respectively. Conclusions: These results suggest that investments in workplace mental healt
perceived need for mental healthcare
Report Number
DRDC-RDDC-2016-P017 — External Literature
Date of publication
01 Mar 2016
Number of Pages
Electronic Document(PDF)

Permanent link

Document 1 of 1

Date modified: