Stressors Experienced during Deployment among Canadian Armed Forces Personnel – Factor Structure of Two Combat Exposure Scales

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Authors
  1. Sudom, K.
  2. Watkins, K.
  3. Born, J.
  4. Zamorski, M.
Corporate Authors
Defence Research and Development Canada, Director General Military Personnel Research and Analysis, Ottawa ON (CAN)
Abstract
Combat exposure is linked to increased mental health problems among military personnel. Reliable, precise, and efficient measurement of combat experiences can facilitate understanding of the effects of combat on mental health. This study examined the psychometric properties of two scales used to assess deployment experiences in Canadian Armed Forces (CAF) personnel in two different settings: during a third location decompression (TLD) program following deployment, and during routine post-deployment screening. Principal components analyses yielded similar results for the two measures. The components containing items relevant to Exposure to the Dead and Injured, Dangerous Environment, and Active Combat were common across both surveys. The TLD results revealed a fourth component, Personal Suffering, while the post-deployment screening data revealed a fourth component, Perceived Responsibility. This study found categories of deployment stressors that can be used for further analysis, and underscores the importance of assessing a broad range of exposures in the combat environment.
Keywords
mental health;combat exposure;deployment
Report Number
DRDC-RDDC-2015-P184 — External Literature
Date of publication
19 May 2016
Number of Pages
28
DSTKIM No
CA042631
CANDIS No
803781
Format(s):
Electronic Document(PDF)

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