A Longitudinal Pilot Study of Resilience in Canadian Military Personnel


  1. Sudom, K.
  2. Lee, J.
  3. Zamorski, M.
Corporate Authors
Director General Military Personnel Research & Analysis, Ottawa ONT (CAN)
Research on psychological resilience is important for occupations involving routine exposure to trauma or critical events. Such research can allow for the identification of factors to target in training, education and intervention programs, as well as groups that may be at higher risk for mental health problems. Although efforts have been made to determine the individual characteristics that contribute to positive outcomes under stress, little is known about whether such characteristics are stable over time or how stressful events can impact psychological resilience in highrisk occupations such as military service. Following a review of the evidence on variations in resilience over time, results of a pilot study of Canadian Armed Forces personnel are presented in which differences in resilience characteristics were examined from military recruitment to several years after enrolment. While there was little change in resilience characteristics over time on average, there was considerable individual variation, with some individuals showing marked improvement and others showing marked deterioration in resilience characteristics. At both time points, individuals who had been deployed showed greater resilience characteristics than those who had never been deployed. Implications for the promotion of psychological resilience in military populations and personnel employed in other high-risk occupations are discussed. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
trauma;hardiness;high-risk jobs/populations;personality;resilience
Report Number
DRDC-RDDC-2015-P101 — External Literature
Date of publication
19 May 2016
Number of Pages
Electronic Document(PDF)

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