Human Factors and Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (ISR) – Making the case for a Human Factors Capability in the ISR Concept Development & Evaluation (CD&E) Process


  1. Lichacz, F.M.J.
  2. Jassemi-Zargani, R.
Corporate Authors
Defence Research and Development Canada, Ottawa Research Centre, Ottawa ON (CAN)
Within the scope of the Space Based Maritime Awareness (SBMA) Project, the Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (ISR) Concepts & Integration (ICI) Team, part of the Space & ISR Applications (SIA) Section at DRDC – Ottawa Research Centre will support the requirement to develop and integrate ISR concepts and capabilities into the Canadian Armed Forces (CAF). Although technology is a key driver in the ISR Concept Development and Evaluation (CD&E) process, technology does not work in isolation, but rather, technology often interfaces with human operators. Certainly this is the case in the ISR process where intelligence activities are inherently human centric, as humans are the ultimate decision makers in the ISR process [1]. To the extent that this is true, it is imperative to include a Human Factors (HF) methodology in the ISR CD&E process. Unfortunately, although HF have been identified by as an integral part of the ISR CD&E process [2, 3, 4], HF has not played a prominent role in this process thereby resulting in a large evaluation gap in the ISR CD&E process [2]. The purpose of this document is to highlight the need to develop a HF capability to support and enhance the current ISR CD&E process.

Il y a un résumé en français ici.

human factors;intelligence;surveillance;reconnaissance;system-of-systems
Report Number
DRDC-RDDC-2016-D011 — Reference Document
Date of publication
01 Apr 2016
Number of Pages
Electronic Document(PDF)

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