A comparison of two training needs analyses to RCAF simulation strategy requirements – Joint Terminal Attack Controller as a test case


  1. Martin, B.
Corporate Authors
Defence Research and Development Canada, Toronto Research Centre , Toronto ON (CAN)
The Director of Air Simulation and Training has set an ambitious target of 2025 for developing a simulation-first training strategy for the Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF). To meet that objective, training needs analysis methods must be applied to highlight current gaps in training with respect to simulation-based instruction and collective training in a synthetic environment. The training needs analysis components of the Canadian Forces Individual Training and Education System (CFITES) and the Mission Essential Competency (MEC) method were compared with respect to their ability to address client-identified gaps from the Simulation Strategy. Using those scales, expert raters provided their judgement on the compliance of each method to thirteen criteria in five categories: links with strategic guidance; simulation and media use, collective training, tools for trainee assessment, and usability. Both methods performed poorly against the criteria, however the CFITES method was judged as providing better tools for assessing trainee learning and improvements to training, while the MEC method was judged as providing better opportunities to develop operational readiness in the trainees. The failure to promote simulation-based options for training may be a result of a lack of top-down guidance with respect to such a strategy, or possibly a consequence of guiding subject matter experts who do not fully appreciate the potential of simulation-based training. The lack of collective traini

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simulation-based training;collective training;education;needs analysis;ADDIE;CFITES;mission essential competencies
Report Number
DRDC-RDDC-2016-R102 — Scientific Report
Date of publication
01 Jun 2016
Number of Pages
Electronic Document(PDF)

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