Royal Canadian Air Force CH-146 Griffon aircrew 2014 spinal musculoskeletal trouble survey

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Authors
  1. Chafé, G.S.
  2. Farrell, P.S.E.
Corporate Authors
Defence Research and Development Canada, Toronto Research Centre , Toronto ON (CAN)
Abstract
Spinal musculoskeletal trouble (defined as an ache, pain, discomfort, or numbness) in the rotary wing community has been a concern for more than a decade. Previous studies linked the presence of neck trouble with various factors, including night vision goggles, mission length, stature, and vibration. A survey was distributed online to CH-146 Griffon helicopter pilots and flight engineers (estimated at 420 personnel). The goal was to determine possible targets where musculoskeletal trouble could be mitigated to reduce its occurrence rates. This survey assessed body postures, flight experience, equipment interactions, and the occurrence of trouble throughout the entire body. The participant responses showed that neck and lower back trouble, followed by shoulder and upper back trouble, were found to be most prevalent within the CH-146 Griffon aircrew community relative to other musculoskeletal body locations. Participants reported night vision goggle (NVG) use, mission duration of 2 hours or more, and multiple missions as responsible for neck and low back trouble, although there were no significant associations between reports of musculoskeletal trouble and these factors. Nevertheless, the survey results indicate potential targets to reduce neck trouble (e.g., work-rest cycles).

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Keywords
neck;back;trouble;pain;Griffon;aircrew;survey;musculoskeletal;spinal;rotary;helicopter
Report Number
DRDC-RDDC-2016-R179 — Scientific Report
Date of publication
01 Sep 2016
Number of Pages
94
DSTKIM No
CA042867
CANDIS No
804762
Format(s):
Electronic Document(PDF)

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