Cours d'optique général – Optique géométrique et optique physique

PDF

Authors
  1. Lévesque, M.P.
Corporate Authors
Defence Research and Development Canada, Valcartier Research Centre, Quebec QC (CAN)
Abstract
This course is a general overview of the fields of geometrical and physical optics. It is a reminder of the basic notions of the ray-tracing technique which shows how to make simple lens associations (objective – eyepiece). The main sources of degradation in image quality are addressed (spherical and chromatic aberrations, vignetting, pupil effect, etc.). Several optical designs are presented (telescope, periscope, etc.). This course also presents theory and practical applications of polarization and birefringence. Light interference phenomena are explained and several designs of spectrometers and other interferential devices are shown. Light diffraction is then examined and we demonstrate that the impulse response at the lens’ focal point is linked to its aperture by a Fourier transform. The course ends with the demonstration that an image produced by an optical system is the result of the projected image (with the ray-tracing technique) convolved by the impulse response of this system, which depends on diffraction, spherical and chromatic aberrations, and other sources of degradation.

Il y a un résumé en français ici.

Keywords
optique géométrique;optique physique;interféromètre;spectromètre;miroir;lentille;système optique;diffraction;réflexion;réfraction;polarisation;tracé de rayons;transformée de Fourier;design optique
Report Number
DRDC-RDDC-2016-D049 — Reference Document
Date of publication
01 Sep 2016
Number of Pages
244
DSTKIM No
CA044650
CANDIS No
804980
Format(s):
Electronic Document(PDF)

Permanent link

Document 1 of 1

Date modified: