Modeling a naval force protection scenario in MANA


  1. Dobias, P.
  2. Eisler, C.
Corporate Authors
Defence Research and Development Canada, Centre for Operational Research and Analysis, Ottawa ON (CAN)
Force protection (FP) in the naval context is commonly understood as a vessel’s self-defence against low-to-moderate severity threats, but stopping short of conventional warfare (such as missiles or torpedoes). These types of threats can have a high likelihood of occurrence and a high risk of mission failure, depending on the threat tactics involved. It is important to understand the possible effects of such tactics and the effectiveness of various FP responses in return. The presented study had two objectives. First, it was intended to test the suitability of an agent-based model called Map-Aware Non-linear Automata (MANA) to represent naval FP scenarios outside of conventional warfare. Second, it served to look at the potential benefits of using one specific directed energy non-lethal weapon against the threat’s mobility, employed either alone, or in conjunction with a lethal option. The study confirmed the feasibility of MANA for these types of scenarios; it has also shown that, from the survivability perspective, there may be operational benefits to including FP capabilities that disable/stop rather than attempt to outright destroy the approaching threat. This is especially true if these systems enable targeting over an area rather than trying to pinpoint fast moving targets. Additional follow-on work is intended.
non-lethal capabilities;force protection;agent-based model
Report Number
DRDC-RDDC-2017-P019 — External Literature
Date of publication
17 May 2017
Number of Pages
Electronic Document(PDF)

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