Assessing Education and Exercise as Solutions for Aircrew Neck-trouble – A Literature Review


  1. Perry, B.
  2. Carnduff, L.
  3. Farrell, P.S.E.
Corporate Authors
Defence Research and Development Canada, Toronto Research Centre , Toronto ON (CAN)
Griffon Helicopter aircrew neck trouble, at a minimum, is distracting and may deteriorate flying task performance and ultimately lead to permanent grounding. To this end, Defence Research and Development Canada (DRDC) and the Canadian Forces Environmental Medicine Establishment (CFEME) have been actively engaged in proposing and assessing solutions to the neck pain problem. One such proposed solution includes adoption of a “Professional Athlete” mentality involving both education and exercise. A review of the literature is used to assess the efficacy of education in mitigating neck pain. This analysis found that education alone has shown little to no effect in preventing neck pain or injury. Exercise or manual therapy showed slightly superior results, while the use of a combination of both education and exercise/manual therapy as the most effective way to manage the neck pain problem is clearly evident. Given this to be the case, curricula have been identified that, in combination with a practicum and/or training, promise to be effective in reducing aircrew neck trouble.

Il y a un résumé en français ici.

Muscle Activation;Neck Load;neck pain;tbody-borne equipment;helmet systems;Night Vision Goggles;Head Up Displays;Counter Weights
Report Number
DRDC-RDDC-2018-D016 — Reference Document
Date of publication
01 Mar 2018
Number of Pages
Electronic Document(PDF)

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