Usability of LNCS as an After-Action Review Tool during Exercise Virtual 2016


  1. McColl, D.
  2. Pavlovic, N.
Corporate Authors
Defence Research and Development Canada, Toronto Research Centre , Toronto ON (CAN)
Defence Research and Development Canada (DRDC) is investigating the use of distributed after-action review (AAR) tools to support the Royal Canadian Air Force Simulation Strategy. AARs provide valuable feedback to the training audience about their individual and collective performance against training objectives, and are used to reinforce learning and maximize training value (McKeown & Huddleston, 2011). Distributed after-action review technologies will allow commanders and instructors to effectively review mission details with warfighters and trainees at different remote locations. At the RCAF’s 2016 Exercise Virtual distributed simulation event, DRDC evaluated the effectiveness and operator perceptions of an after-action review tool called Live Virtual Constructive (LVC) Network Control Suite (LNCS), developed by the United States Air Force Research Laboratory. The usability evaluation revealed that LNCS was a valuable interactive AAR tool with high user satisfaction and potential for distributed simulation training, despite its limitations and the technical constraints surrounding the exercise. Operators with more training on LNCS rated the software more positively, suggesting a possible relationship between familiarity and acceptance. These findings suggest that distributed after-action review tools should include user training and be designed with an intuitive interface.

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Evaluation;Review;After-Action Review;RCAF;Performance
Report Number
DRDC-RDDC-2018-D034 — Reference Document
Date of publication
01 Apr 2018
Number of Pages
Electronic Document(PDF)

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