Fast jet aircrew neck pain sources and mitigation strategies literature review


  1. Bray-Miners, J.
  2. Tack, D.W.
Corporate Authors
Defence Research and Development Canada, Toronto Research Centre , Toronto ON (CAN);Humansystems Inc, Guelph ONT (CAN)
High G-induced neck injuries are common in high-performance fighter aircraft. A review of the incidence literature on the association between neck pain and flying high-performance military aircraft highlights that this is a significant problem that crosses nations and aircraft types. A literature review was conducted for Defence Research and Development Canada (DRDC) Toronto Research Center (TRC) as part of the planning process for the future Fast Jet Aircrew Neck- and Back-trouble Mitigating Solutions research project 03eb02. The focus of the literature was on the epidemiology, methods used to model neck pain for fast jet aircrew and the neck pain sources and mitigation strategies. A set of keywords was developed and used to search online databases. The first component necessary for modeling neck pain sources of fast jet aircrew is understanding the effects of high accelerations on the body. The body behaves differently depending on the direction of the G force however the impact on the body is a combination of the physical force and blood being either drained or forced into different parts of the body. Correlating subjective survey data is the most common method used to model neck pain sources, however addition methods include neck loading data collection with instrumentation such as accelerometers and electromyography sensors, and biomechanical modeling. Sources and mitigating strategies were organised into operator factors, body-borne equipment, aircrew behaviour, aircraf

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Aircrew neck pain
Report Number
DRDC-RDDC-2019-C040 — Contract Report
Date of publication
01 Feb 2019
Number of Pages
Electronic Document(PDF)

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