The assessment of situational factors to support Influence Activities (IA)


  1. D’Agata, M.
  2. McLellan, L.
Corporate Authors
Defence Research and Development Canada, Toronto Research Centre , Toronto ON (CAN)
Introduction: Influencing the behaviour of others is a core component of many military operations and a large body of research in the area of social psychology indicates that situational factors can have profound effects on behaviour. Limited research has examined the importance of situational factors within military operations, specifically operations that focus on behavioural influence, such as Influence Activities (IA). Moreover, research suggests that situational models are predictive of personality-relevant behaviours (Parrigon, Woo, Tay, & Wang, 2017; Rauthmann et al., 2014), and thus have potential applications for understanding and influencing a target audience. The current research was conducted to assess whether situational factor models can adequately characterize IA situations. Methods: Participants, who were IA Operators or receiving training in IA, were introduced to the psychology of situations and two situational factor models. Both models that were the focus of the current research have validated scales and each one forms an acronym that encompasses the situational dimensions specific to that model: DIAMONDS (Duty, Intellect, Adversity, Mating, pOsitivity, Negativity, Deception, and Sociality) and CAPTION (Complexity, Adversity*, Positive valence, Typicality, Importance, humOr, and Negative valence). Participants were presented with a series of IA scenarios and were asked to complete the DIAMONDS “Situational Eight” (S8*) and the CAPTIONs-Short Form (SF)

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Influence activities;situational factors;Situation assessment
Report Number
DRDC-RDDC-2019-R100 — Scientific Report
Date of publication
01 Jul 2019
Number of Pages
Electronic Document(PDF)

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